Tips for Team Building

  When you think of team building, do you immediately picture your group off at a resort playing games or hanging from ropes? Traditionally, many organizations approach team building in this way but, then, they wonder why that wonderful sense of teamwork that had been displayed at the retreat or the seminar fails to impact long term beliefs and actions back at work.

  I'm not averse to retreats, planning sessions, seminars and team building activities — in fact I lead them — but they have to form part of a much larger teamwork effort. You will not build teamwork by “retreating” as a group for a couple of days each year, instead you need to think of team building as something you do every single day.

  • Form teams to solve real work issues and to improve real work processes. Provide training in systematic methods so the team expends its energy on the project, not on trying to work out how to work together as a team to approach the problem.

  • Hold department meetings to review projects and progress, to obtain broad input, and to coordinate shared work processes. If there is friction between team members, examine the work processes they mutually own — the problem is not usually their personalities; instead, it is often the fact that the team members haven't agreed on how they will deliver a product or service, or the steps required to get something done.

  • Build fun and shared occasions into the organization's agenda — hold pot luck lunches, take the team to a sporting event, sponsor dinners at a local restaurant, go hiking or go to an amusement park. Hold a monthly company meeting, sponsor sports teams and encourage cheering team fans.

  • Use ice breakers and teamwork exercises at meetings — these help team members get to know each other, share details about each others lives, and have a laugh together.

  • Celebrate team successes publicly. There are many ways you could do this, for instance by buying everyone the same T-shirt or hat, putting team member names in a draw for company merchandise and gift certificates. The only thing limiting you is your imagination.

  If you do the types of teamwork building listed above, you'll be amazed at the progress you will make in creating a teamwork culture, a culture that enables individuals to contribute more than they ever thought possible — together.


Team building event is traditionally related to playing games at resort. 1

2. The author claims that playing games together is as important as form teams to solve real work issues and to improve real work processes for team building. 2

3. “Retreat” in the first paragraph means withdrawal of troops after a defeat. 3

4. Ice breaking motivates team members compete with each other. 4

5. A good teamwork culture enables individuals make more efforts together. 5

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  (1) __1__
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     B. F
  (2) __2__
     A. T
     B. F
  (3) __3__
     A. T
     B. F
  (4) __4__
     A. T
     B. F
  (5) __5__
     A. T
     B. F
Regular and concrete feedback is important ______ who is not performing up to her potential.
The majority of these team challenges ______ anywhere.
Team members are ______ as unique people with irreplaceable experiences, points of view, and knowledge to contribute.
— Will you help me arrange a meeting with Mr. Brown, please?—_____________
— Could I borrow your iPad for a few hours?—_____________
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二、阅读理解:根据文章内容,判断正误(共50分)。Habits of Highly Effective Communicators  It's no secret that good leaders are also good communicators. Indeed, communication and leadership are inextricably tied. How can you galvanize, inspire or guide others if you don't communicate in a clear, credible and authentic way? Here are 5 essential communication practices of effective leaders:  1. Mind the say-do gap. Trust is the bedrock of effective leadership – your behavior is your single greatest mode of communication, and it must be congruent with what you say. If your actions don't align with your words, you are storing up trouble for the future.  2. Make the complex simple. Effective leaders distill complex thoughts and strategies into simple, memorable terms that colleagues and customers can grasp and act upon. The most important thing is to clarify what you want to say, look out for technical jargon and avoid business speak, which add complexity. Say what you mean in as few words as possible.  3. Find your own voice. Use language that's distinctly your own; let your values come through in your communication. Correct use of language and grammar are important, of course, but don't become overly fixated on eloquence for eloquence's sake; concentrate on being distinct and real. People want real, people respect real, people follow real.  4. Be visible Visibility is about letting your key stakeholders get a feel for who you are and what you care about. Don't hide behind a computer and only interact with people electronically – see them face to face and voice to voice, and interact with them in a real, substantial way. In today's environment, where people are often burned out, it's important for employees to have a personal connection with you and the work you believe in. Show the people that work for you that you're engaged and that you care about them and their work.  5. Listen with your eyes as well as your ears. Effective communication is a two-way process, and good leaders know how to ask good questions, and then listen with both their eyes and their ears. Because you are in a position of authority, others may be reluctant to express their real opinions to you directly. You won't always get direct feedback, so you need to also be able to read between the lines and look for the non-verbal cues.操作提示:正确选T,错误选F。1. Communication and leadership don't always go hand in hand. 1 2. The say-do gap happens when people misunderstand their leader's intention. 2 3. Using technical jargon makes a leader convincing. 3 4. Communicating sincerely is always the best. 4 5. Observation is as important as communication when you want to know what people really think. 5
Every time I tried to say something, he would ______ to something else.
练习1(判断):公共政策终止可能遇到的障碍有心理上的抵触、组织的持久性、反对势力的联盟、法律上的障碍和高昂的成本。( )
政策方案制定在整个政策过程中居于(     )地位。
拟定政策方案是政策方案规划过程中的( )。
头脑风暴法需要遵循的原则有(     )
练习1(单选):到目前为止,对政策议程确立过程描述得最全面的是约翰•W.金登的( )
练习1(多选):美国学者詹姆斯.E.安德森提出的推动社会问题加速进入政策议程的触发机制包括( )
练习(单选):( )的建立是社会问题转化为政策问题的关键一步。
自愿性工具也叫指令性工具,它控制或者指导目标群体的行动。(    )
练习1(判断):公共政策工具是在特定的政策环境下,政策主体选择的、用以影响政策客体、实现政策目标的手段和途径。( )
政策主体、政策客体和政策环境三者之间存在着密切的相互依赖和相互作用的关系。(     )
社会问题的新特点不包括(     )
公共政策的直接客体是(  )
练习1(单选):那些受公共政策规范、管制、调节和制约的社会成员被称为( )
利益集团的特征有(    )。
练习1(单选):在西方,与立法权、行政权和司法权并列的“第四种权力”是指( )

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